A fraction is a part of a whole.We call the top number the Numerator, it is the number of parts you have. We call the bottom number the Denominator, it is the number of parts the whole is divided into.

You just have to remember those names! (If you forget just think "Down"-ominator)

Equivalent FractionsSome fractions may look different, but are really the same

Adding Fractions

There are 3 Simple Steps to add fractions:

Step 1: Make sure the bottom numbers (the denominators) are the same

Step 2: Add the top numbers (the numerators). Put the answer over the same denominator.

Step 3: Simplify the fraction (if needed)

Example 1:

1

+

1

4

4

Step 1. The bottom numbers are already the same. Go straight to step 2.

Step 2. Add the top numbers and put the answer over the same denominator:

1

+

1

=

1 + 1

=

2

4

4

4

4

Step 3. Simplify the fraction:

2

=

1

4

2

Subtracting Fractions

There are 3 simple steps to subtract fractions

Step 1. Make sure the bottom numbers (the denominators) are the same

Step 2. Subtract the top numbers (the numerators). Put the answer over the same denominator.

Step 3. Simplify the fraction.

Example 1:

3

–

1

4

4

Step 1. The bottom numbers are already the same. Go straight to step 2. Step 2. Subtract the top numbers and put the answer over the same denominator:

3

–

1

3 – 1

2

4

4

4

4

Step 3. Simplify the fraction:

2

=

1

4

2

Multiplying FractionsMultiply the tops, multiply the bottoms There are 3 simple steps to multiply fractions 1. Multiply the top numbers (the numerators).
2. Multiply the bottom numbers (the denominators). 3. Simplify the fraction if needed.

Dividing Fractions Turn the second fraction upside down, then just multiply There are 3 Simple Steps to Divide Fractions:

Step 1. Turn the second fraction (the one you want to divide by) upside-down(this is now a reciprocal).

Step 2. Multipl the first fraction by that reciprocal

FractionsEquivalent fractionsAdding fractionsSubtracting fraccionsMultiplying fractionsdividing fractionsSimplyfying fractionsA fraction is a part of a whole.We call the top number the

Numerator, it is the number of parts you have.We call the bottom number the

Denominator, it is the number of parts the whole is divided into.You just have to remember those names! (If you forget just think "Down"-ominator)

Some fractions may look different, but are really the sameEquivalent Fractions## Adding Fractions

There are 3 Simple Steps to add fractions:Example 1:

1+144Step 1. The bottom numbers are already the same. Go straight to step 2.Step 2. Add the top numbers and put the answer over the same denominator:1+1=1 + 1=24444Step 3. Simplify the fraction:2=142

There are 3 simple steps to subtract fractionsSubtracting Fractions- Step 1. Make sure the bottom numbers (the denominators) are the same
- Step 2. Subtract the top numbers (the numerators). Put the answer over the same denominator.
- Step 3. Simplify the fraction.

Example 1:Step 1. The bottom numbers are already the same. Go straight to step 2.Step 2. Subtract the top numbers and put the answer over the same denominator:Step 3. Simplify the fraction:

Multiply the tops, multiply the bottomsMultiplying FractionsThere are 3 simple steps to multiply fractions

1. Multiply the top numbers (the

numerators).2. Multiply the bottom numbers (the

denominators).3. Simplify the fraction if needed.

Dividing FractionsTurn the second fraction upside down, then just multiplyThere are 3 Simple Steps to Divide Fractions:

(the one you want to divide by)upside-down(this is now a reciprocal).Simplifying Fractions

To simplify a fraction, divide the top and bottom by thehighest numberthatcan divide into both numbers exactly.http://www.visualfractions.com/